Paranasal Sinus and Nasal Cavity Cancer Risk Factors
  • Age over 40
  • Male
  • Smoking
  • Chronic sinusitis
  • Nasal polyps (particularly in cases of inverted papilloma)
  • HPV (human papillomavirus) infection (inverted papilloma)
  • EBV infection (in cases of T cell lymphoma)
  • Asian or South American ancestry (T cell lymphoma)
  • Certain autoimmune diseases (B cell lymphoma)
  • Neurofibromatosis (in sarcomas)
  • Occupational exposure to certain chemicals or dust – such jobs include:
    •     Furniture manufacturing
    •     Sawmill work
    •     Woodworking (carpentry)
    •     Shoemaking
    •     Leather tanning
    •     Metal plating
    •     Flour mill or bakery work
    •     Welding/soldering
  •     Suspect substances include:
    •     Nickel compounds
    •     Chromium compounds
    •     Lacquers
    •     Mineral oils
    •     Wood dust